For three years in a row, South Korea tops the ICT development ranking by ITU. Sweden ranked second, followed by Iceland, Denmark and Finland.
ITU has developed ICT Development Index (IDI) to measure development progress across countries, in terms of level of access, usage among citizens and skills among 157 economies worldwide.
There are five Asian economies represented in the top 20, namely South Korea, Hong Kong, Japan, Macao and Singapore. Most countries in the Asia region have declined in the IDI 2012 ranking compared to 2011 (see below). However, Mongolia (up 5 places) and Bangladesh (up 4 places) are two of the most dynamic countries in world, in terms of IDI improvements.
Only seven countries from the Asia region are above the world’s IDI average value of 4.35. And six countries from the Asia region are in the least connected countries category, with IDI of less than 2.33.
|ICT Development Index of Selected Asian Economies, 2012|
|No.||Country||Rank 2012 (Rank 2011)||IDI 2012|
|1||South Korea||1 (1)||8.57|
|2||Hong Kong, China||10 (10)||7.92|
|4||Macao, China||14 (13)||7.65|
|6||Brunei Darussalam||58 (56)||5.06|
|10||Viet Nam||88 (86)||3.80|
|14||Sri Lanka||107 (107)||3.06|
Source: ITU, 2013
In terms of broadband affordability, ITU analysis shows that fixed-broadband cost has dropped 82% over the past four years, from 2008 to 2012. Macao has the cheapest fixed-broadband service in the world, in terms of GNI p.c., followed by Kuwait, United States, Switzerland and Luxembourg.
The Broadband Commission for Digital Development has set a specific benchmark for broadband affordability, which is less than 5% of gross national income per capita (GNI p.c.). Eight Asian economies have achieved the target, namely Macao, Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, Brunei, Sri Lanka and Malaysia.
|Cost of Fixed-broadband of Selected Asian Economies, 2012|
|No.||Country||Rank 2012||% of GNI p.c.|
|3||Hong Kong, China||10||0.7|
Source: ITU, 2013